1.0 Introduction

2.0 Antarctic Ice Core Data

3.0 Effect of Green House Gases

4.0 Effect of Ocean

5.0 Heat Balance Mechanism 6.0 Further Interpretation of Ice Core Data 7.0 Coming Interglacial Peak Period

8.0 Defend for the Poor Carbon




From all the above explanations, it is shown that even without human’s activities, global warming is a natural cyclic process, which has been started far beyond 740,000 years ago, while the history of human is less than 10,000 years.


The carbon dioxide level is very depending on the air temperature, which is related to the ocean temperature, forming and melting of ices and glaciers. Carbon dioxide is very soluble in water to form bicarbonate substances. Carbon dioxide level in the air drops when it is dissolved by the precipitation during cold period. It is released when ices and glaciers melt and ocean is heated up when temperature rise. The temperature determines the level of the carbon dioxide, but not the level of carbon dioxide determines the temperature. Figure 8.1 illustrates the process.


Figure 8.1 – The Solar energy and Earth thermal energy heat up the atmosphere, ocean, land, glaciers and ice. CO2 is released when ocean is heated up, glaciers and ices melt. Water from the ocean vapourizes to form water vapour, which rises to the atmosphere. When water vapour cools down, it precipitates in the form of rain and snow, dissolve CO2 in the air, falls to the ocean, glaciers or ices.


The effect of carbonated GHG in retaining heat is only at certain discrete wavelength and minimal compare to water vapour. The main actor is the water vapours that absorb and block the heat emission from the Earth via radiation. The amount of water vapour in the air determines the temperature of the atmosphere. The amount of water vapour is depending on the ocean, which is closely related to the solar energy and the Earth thermal energy.


Carbon is not the main contributor to global warming. Climate change is a natural repetitive cycle happens on Earth. Reducing carbon footprint has minimal and insignificant effect in preventing global warming. However, we shall continue to reduce energy consumption due to the energy shortage crisis.


In between the time frame from now until the next 25,000 years before the peak interglacial period is reached, even with or without human’s activities, or even human stops consuming fossil fuels immediately,

A)     temperature will continue to rise,

B)     carbon dioxide level will continue to rise,

C)     water vapour will continue to increase,

D)     heat will continue to build up,

E)      the Earth will continue to release thermal energy,

F)      earthquakes will continue to happen,

G)     life will continue to be diminished.


Shall we look into ways in curing the Earth fever?


Figure 8.2 – Earthquakes and tsunami happened on Earth for the last few years.






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This website is originated on 8-April-2010,

updated on 27-April-2010.

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